Six Tips to Help Improve Reading Comprehension

Here are Six Tips to Improve Reading Comprehension in your child:

  1. Have them read aloud. This forces them to go slower, which gives them more time to process what they read, which improves reading comprehension. Plus, they’re not only seeing the words, they’re hearing them, too. You can also take turns reading aloud.

 

  1. Provide the right kinds of books. Make sure your child gets lots of practice reading books that aren't too hard. They should recognize at least 90 percent of the words without any help. Stopping any more often than that to figure out a word makes it tough for them to focus on the overall meaning of the story.

 

  1. Reread to build fluency. To gain meaning from text and encourage reading comprehension, your child needs to read quickly and smoothly - a skill known as fluency. By the beginning of 3rd grade, for example, your child should be able to read 90 words a minute. Rereading familiar, simple books gives your child practice at decoding words quickly, so they'll become more fluent in their reading comprehension.

 

  1. Talk to the teacher. If your child is struggling mightily with reading comprehension, they may need more help with reading — for example, building their vocabulary or practicing phonics skills.

 

  1. Supplement class reading. If your child's class is studying a particular theme, look for easy-to-read books or magazines on the topic. Some prior knowledge will help them make their way through tougher classroom texts and promote reading comprehension.

 

    6. Talk about what they're reading. This "verbal processing" helps them remember and think through the     themes of the book.  Ask questions before, during, and after a session to encourage reading comprehension.

            Before: "What are you interested in about this book? What doesn't interest you?" 
          During: "What's going on in the book? Is it turning out the way you thought it would?    
          After: "Can you summarize the book? What did you like about it? What other books does it
                     remind you of?"