What Your First Grader Should Know and Be Doing At the Beginning of First Grade....

What First Graders Should Be Doing….

  • Use handwriting lines correctly (words should rest on the line without hovering or slanting off the line)
  • Use alphabet at home for correct letter and number formation
  • Correct and recognize reversals
  • Write first and last name in lowercase letters, except for the first letter of each part of their name
  • Only capitalize important names and words
  • Use phonetic spelling to write words and simple sentences
  • Use finger spaces between words
  • Read simple sight words
  • Know all number words, color words, pronouns, and simply family words in context
  • Know how many days are in a week, months in a year, and seasons in a year (and be able to name them)
  • Know complete name and personal address including phone number, address, city, state, and birthday (complete with year of birth)
  • Be able to tell before and after (numbers, seasons, months, days of the year, letters). Be comfortable with sequences.
  • Know family information (parents’ names, parents’ occupations)
  • Know all simple shapes
  • Know the alphabet, the letter names, the letter sounds, and which ones are vowels
  • Know the difference between consonants and vowels, why vowels are important, and be able to tell you the two sounds each vowel makes (long and short sounds)
  • Tie shoelaces
  • Use correct pencil grip
  • Ask complete questions and be able to answer who, what when, why, where, and how questions with the correct answer
  • Be able to follow three step oral directions in order (first, brush your teeth, then get changed for bed, and finally get your clothes out for tomorrow)
  • Begin feeling comfortable working alone and gaining independence (on projects, homework, reading)

Last Modified on September 4, 2008